« »

{1} . . . 3- . .: , 1978. .2. .248.
{2} (. .).
{3} . .:,1994. .2. .100.
{4} . /, . 2- . . 2. .: , 1991. .489.
{5} .
{6} ( — ). .233. .2307. .194. .100–101.
{7} . .233. .2307. .194. .111–113.
{8} . .233. .2307. .193. .9–18.
{9} . .233. .2307. .193. .9–18.
{10} . . 1945 ./ .; . . . A. A. . : «», 1993. .194.
{11} ... .2. .287.
{12} . . . .131–132.
{13} . .233. .2374. .154. .86–92.
{14} . .233. .2380. .44. .4–8.
{15} . .233. .2380. .44. .4–8.
{16} . .233. .2380. .44. .10–12.
{17} . .233. .2380. .44. .13–14.
{18} . .233. .2380. .44. .15–19.
{19} . .233. .2380. .44. .15–19.
{20} , . 1933–1945 .// . . . / . . . .: , 1996. .58.
{21} . .56.
{22} Bark, Dennis L. and Gress, David R. A History of the West Germany. From Shadow to Substance, 1945–1963. Blackwell, Oxford, 1989. P.28–29.
{23} . .3. .11556. .18. .103.
{24} . . /, . .: « », 1991. . 304.
{25} . .305.
{26} . ... . 2. .484.
{27} . ... .260–261.
{28} . . . .311.
{29} . . . .95–96.
{30} . .125–126.
{31} . . . .357.
{32} . /. . . 3- . . 3. .5–6. .:, 1991. .565.
{33} . . . .97–98.
{34} . . . .382.
{35} MacDonald, Charles D. The Last Offensive. Center of Military History of the US Army. Washington, D.C.,1993. P.335.
{36} . . . .83.
{37} . ... .2. .495–496.
{38} . . . .168.
{39} . . . .2. .296.
{40} . .496.
{41} Gilbert, Martin. The Day the War Ended. May 8, 1945 — Victory in Europe. Henry Holt and Co. New York, 1995. P.29.
{42} . .236. .2721. .166. .22–26.
{43} . .236. .2721. .166. .22–26.
{44} . .236. .2721. .166. .238–242.
{45} 1- - . . 1946 . — . .233. .2356. .805. .181–204.
{46} . . ... .2. .281.
{47} . ... .193.
{48} . .397.
{49} . . . . . . : «»,1993. .356.
{50} . .236. .2721. .166. .130.
{51} . .32. .11289. .680. .37–48.
{52} . .236. .2721. .166. .198–203.
{53} . .32. .11289. .680. .37–48.
{54} . .236. .2721. .166. .198–203.
{55} . .236. .2721. .166. .153–158.
{56} . .236. .2721. .166. .198–203.
{57} . .236. .2721. .166. .198–203.
{58} . ... . 158.
{59} . ... .2. .493.
{60} 12 1945 . .
{61} /., ... .1101–1103.
{62} . .32. .11306. .569. .387–389.
{63} . . . .93.
{64} . .233. .2374. .154. .107–113.
{65} . .32. .11306. .569. .387–389.
{66} . .32. .11306. .569. .387–389
{67} . ... .59.
{68} . .236. .2721. .166. .250–252.
{69} . . . .299–300.
{70} . .373.
{71} . . 160.
{72} . .32. .11306. .623. .205–209.
{73} . .32. .11306. .623. .159–163.
{74} Gilbert Martin. The Day the War Ended... P.140–141.
{75} . . . .151.
{76} . .236. .2721. .166. .213–214.
{77} . .32. .11289. .815. .24–26.
{78} ... . 1088–1089.
{79} . .500. .12462. .9. .10–11.
{80} . .32. .11306. .569. .475.
{81} . .32. .11306. .569. .475–476.
{82} . .32. . 11306. .569. .400.
{83} . . . .66.
{84} . G.159–164.
{85} . .32. .11289. .680. . 37–48.
{86} . .32. .11306. .569. .427–428.
{87} . .32. .11289. .680. .37–48.
{88} Milward, Alan S. War, Economy and Society... P.221–222,224.
{89} . .32. .11289. .680. .37–48.
{90} . .32. .11306. .574. .412–413.
{91} Gilbert, Martin. The Day the War Ended... P.42.
{92} Ibid. P.37–38.
{93} Ibid. P.148–149.
{94} , , 1- , 2- .
{95} . ... .247.
{96} . .3. .11556. .18. .89–90.
{97} . .3. .11556. .18. .91–92.
{98} . .3. .11556. .18. .94–95.
{99} . .233. . 2356. .805. .181–204.
{100} . .233. . 2356. .805. .181–204.
{101} . .233. . 2356. .805. .181–204.
{102} . .233. . 2356. .805. .181–204.
{103} . . ... .2. .290.
{104} . .233. .2356. .805. .62–70.
{105} . .233. .2374. .154. .107–113.
{106} . .233. .2374. .154. .12–131. . .
{107} . . ... .2. .291.
{108} . .233. .2356. .459. .74–79.
{109} . .236. .2673. .2121. .190.
{110} . .233. .2356. .776. .279.
{111} 3- 132 .
{112} 3.00 .
{113} . . ... .2. .296.
{114} . .233. .2356. .776. .432.
{115} . .233. .2374. .92. .124–135.
{116} . .233. .2356. .776. .432–565.
{117} . .233. .2356. .776. .432–565.
{118} . .233. .2356. .776. .432–565.
{119} . .233. .2356. .776. .432–565.
{120} . .233. .2374. .92. .124–135.
{121} . .233. .2374. .92. .124–129.
{122} . .233. .2356. .805. .30–45.
{123} . . ... .2. .298.
{124} . .233. .2356. .805. .30–45.
{125} . .233. .2307. .185. .221.
{126} . .233. .2374. .154. .122–131.
{127} . .233. .2380. .44. .98–104.
{128} . . . .:, 1980. .583.
{129} - . .  — 1- .
{130} . .  — 100 .
{131} . .233. .2356. .805. .30–45.
{132} . .233. .2356. .776. .49–60.
{133} . .233. .2356. .776. .354–384.
{134} . .233. . 2356. .805. .181–204.
{135} . .236. .2673. .2487. .1–4.
{136} . .236. .2673. .2743. .333–334.
{137} . .236. .2673. .2487. .4.
{138} . . 4 . . .4758. .78. .62–65.
{139} . .236. .2712. .346. .89.
{140} . .233. .2307. .185. .227.
{141} . .345. .5497. .94. .78.
{142} . .233. .2707. .193. .65–67.
{143} . .233. .2307. .185. .231.
{144} . .233. .2374. .154. .122–131.
{145} . .233. .2307. .193. .68–69.
{146} . .233. .2307. .193. .70.
{147} . .233. .2307. .185. .233.
{148} . .233. .2374. .154. .122–131.
{149} . .233. .2356. .776. .432–565.
{150} . .233. .2307. .193. .88.
{151} . .236. .2712. .259. .221.
{152} . .236. .2712. .359. .35.
{153} . .236. .2712. .359. .36.
{154} . .315. .4446. .20. .497.
{155} . .236. .2673. .2743. .337.
{156} . .236. .2673. .2743. .339.
{157} . .236. .2712. .346. .134.
{158} . .236. .2673. .2743. .343.
{159} . .237. .2394. .1605. .8.
{160} . .237. .2397. .1623. .4–6.
{161} . .237. .2394. .1197. .275.
{162} . .237. .2397. .1623. .4–6.
{163} . .237. .2394. .1197. .276.
{164} . .237. .2397. .1623. .4–6.
{165} . . ... .2. .301–302.
{166} . .233. .2356. .24. .465–475.
{167} . .233. .2356. .776. .126.
{168} . .233. .2356. .442. .521–522.
{169} . .233. .2356. .776. .432–565.
{170} . .233. .2307. .193. .114–115.
{171} . .233. .2374. .92. .54–56.
{172} . .233. .2356. .776. .432–565.
{173} . .480. .7106. .231. .62–65.
{174} . .233. .2307. .193. .151.
{175} . .317. .4307. .318. .47–48.
{176} . .345. .5487. .94. .113–114.
{177} . .236. .2712. .346. .152.
{178} . .3. .11556. .18. .113.
{179} . .233. .2374. .92. .71–75.
{180} . .299. .213953. .1. .41.
{181} . .317. .4306. .499. .324–325.
{182} . .233. .2374. .71. .203–207.
{183} . .233. .2374. .71. .203–207.
{184} . .23. .11289. .681. .199–200.
{185} . .32. .11289. .681. .127–128.
{186} . .233. .2356. .805. .30–45.
{187} . .233. .2356. .776. .279.
{188} . .233. .2356. .776. .354–384.
{189} . .23. .2356. .776. .354–384.
{190} . .233. .2356. .805. .106–116.
{191} . .236. .2673. .1982. .216–218.
{192} . .236. .2673. .1982. .216–218.
{193} . .233. .2356. .776. .384.
{194} . .233. .2356. .805. .158–160.
{195} . .233. .2356. .805. .30–45.
{196} . .233. .2356. .776. .60.
{197} . .233. .2356. .24. .465–475.
{198} . .23. .2307. .193. .128–129.
{199} . .233. .2356. .776. .49–60.
{200} . .233. .2356. .805. .309–352.
{201} , .
{202} . .233. .2356. .805. .30–45.
{203} - « ».
{204} . .233. .2356. .805. .46–61.
{205} . .233. .2356. .805. .46–61.
{206} . .233. .2356. .805. .46–61.
{207} . .233. .2356. .776. .209–215.
{208} . .233. .2356. .776. .209–215.
{209} . .233. .2356. .805. .212–221.
{210} . .233. .2380. .44. .98–104.
{211} . .233. .2356. .776. .432–565.
{212} . .233. .2356. .805. .309–352.
{213} . .233. .2356. .805. .309–352.
{214} . .233. .2356. .805. .62–70.
{215} . . ... .631.
{216} . .233. .2307. .193. .181.
{217} . .32. .11289. .681. .202.
{218} . .233. .2356. .739. .386.
{219} . .32. .11306. .623. .186–195.
{220} . .233. .2356. .575. .28–36.
{221} . .3. .11556. .18. .132.
{222} . .500. .12450. .373. .4.
{223} . .500. .12462. .641. .104.
{224} . .500. .12450. .382. .1–4.
{225} . .500. .12462. .654. .45.
{226} . .500. . 12462. .654. .30.
{227} ... .1165–1168.
{228} . .12463. .641. .1–3.
{229} . .233. .2356. .805. .30–45.
{230} . .233. .2356. .805. .309–352.
{231} . .233. .2356. .805. .254–277.
{232} . .233. .2356. .805. .309–352.
{233} . .233. .2356. .805. .359–365.
{234} . . ... .2. .299–300.
{235} . . . 3... .571.
{236} Le Tissier, Tony. The Battle of Berlin. 1945. Jonathan Cape Ltd: London,1988. P.15.
{237} Ziemke, Earl F. Stalingrad to Berlin: The General Defeat in the East. Center of Military History. U.S. Army, Washington D.C.,1987. P.489.
{238} Le Tissier, Tony. Op. cit. P.15.
{239} Greenfield, Kent R. American Strategy in World War : Reconsideration. Krieger Publishing Co.: Malabar, Florida,1982. P.117.
{240} . ... .241.
{241} . .172.
{242} MacDonald, Charles D. The Last Offensive... P.323–324.
{243} . .32. On.11306. .578. .211–213.
{244} . .32. .11306. .578. .211–213.
{245} Calvocoressi, Peter, Wint, Guy, Prrtchard, John. Total War... P.561.
{246} , , . , , , « » . , , , « », , ...
{247} Calvocoressi, Peter, Wint, Guy, Pritchard, John. Total War... P.562.; MacDonald, Charles D. The Last Offensive... P.324.
{248} Greenfield, Kent R. American Strategy in World War II: A Reconsideration... P. 113.
{249} . ... .252..
{250} Greenfield, Kent R. Op. cit. P.86.
{251} , : . № 3. . 204.
{252} MacDonald, Charles D. The Last Offensive... P.5.
{253} Ibid. P.5.
{254} Ibid. P.6.
{255} Ibid. P.7.
{256} . .233. .2374. .154. .21–23.
{257} MacDonald, Charles D. The Last Offensive... P.477–478.
{258} Ibid. P.478.
{259} . ... .2. .485.
{260} . . . 3... .482.
{261} . .482.
{262} . .482.
{263} . . .2... .488.
{264} Calvocoressi, Peter, Wint, Guy, Pritchard, John. Total War... P.562.
{265} . ... .217–218.
{266} MacDonald, Charles D. The Last Offensive... P.208–235.
{267} . . . .197–198.
{268} MacDonald, Charles D. Op. cit. P.221–222.
{269} Ibid. P.228.
{270} Ibid. P.309.
{271} Ibid. P.313.
{272} Ibid. P.309.
{273} Ibid. P.313.
{274} . ... .298.
{275} Pogue, Forrest . The Decision To Halt at the Elbe//Command Decisions. Center of Military History. US Army. Washington D.C., 1990. P.482.
{276} Calvocoressi, Peter, Wint, Guy, Pritchard, John. Total War... P.564.
{277} Ibid. P.564.
{278} . ... . . .579.
{279} /, . .:,1995. .786–787.
{280} Pogue, Forrest . The Decision To Halt at the Elbe... P.483.
{281} MacDonald, Charles D. The Last Offensive... P.342.
{282} Ibid.
{283} Pogue, Forrest C. Op. cit. P.483.
{284} . .
{285} . .40. .11549. .292. .5–6.
{286} . .233. .2307. .193. .113.
{287} . .40. .11549. .258. .18.
{288} . .40. .11549. .292. .46.
{289} . .233. .2307. .193. .131–133.
{290} MacDonald, Charles D. The Last Offensive... P.447–458.
{291}  — , .
{292}  — , .
{293} . .495. .1. .275. .391.
{294} . .236. .2675. .170. .308–311.
{295} 69- .
{296} . .236. .2675. .170. .308–311.
{297} . .236. .2675. .170. .312–317.
{298} . .236. .2675. .170. .312–317.
{299} . .236. .2712. .366. .223–228.
{300} . .236. .2712. .366. .223–228.
{301} . .32. .11289. .681. .111–114.
{302} . ... .299.
{303} . .298.
{304} . .298.
{305} . . 101.
{306} . .381.
{307} . .384.
{308} MacDonald, Charles D. The Last Offensive... P.331–333.
{309} Ibid. P. 333.
{310} . .236. .2675. .170. .312–317.
{311} . .236. .2675. .170. .312–317.
{312} MacDonald, Charles D. Op. cit. P. 333.
{313} Home, Alistair, Montgomery, David. Monty. 1944–1945. Macmillan, London,1994. P.336.
{314} . .40. .11549. .305. .240–241.
{315} Gilbert, Martin. The Day the War Ended... P.87.
{316} Ibid. P.88.
{317} Ibid. P.102. . , , 1945 , 1950  — - . — .
{318} . . . .11556. .18. .136–137.
{319} Gilbert, Martin. The Day the War Ended... P.90.
{320} Ibid. P.95.
{321} - ... .244–245.
{322} Gilbert, Martin. Op. cit. P. 129.
{323} . 9 1945 .
{324} . .500. .12450. .382. .15–17.
{325} . . .3... .633.
{326} . .40. .11549. .292. .74–75.
{327} . .23. .2356. .805. .309–352.
{328} 30 1945 .
{329} .
{330} . .233. .2380. .41. .510.
{331} . .233. .2356. .805. .309–352.
{332} . .233. .2380. .41. .502.
{333} . .233. .2380. .41. .502.
{334} . .233. .2380. .41. .511.
{335} . . ... .2. .327.
{336} Gilbert, Martin. The Day the War Ended... P.48.
{337} . .233. .2380. .41. .504.
{338} . .233. .2380. .41. .504.
{339} . .233. .2380. .41. .339–344.
{340} . .236. .2712. .346. .165.
{341} . .32. .11306. .623. .368–372.
{342} . .32. .11306. .623. .374–378.
{343} . .32. .11306. .623. .374–378.
{344} . .32. .11306. .623. .374–378.
{345} . .32. .11306. .623. .374–378.
{346} . .32. .11306. .623. .374–378.
{347} , : « ...»
{348} . .236. .2727. .30. .75–87.
{349} . . . .66624. .1. .36–38.
{350} .
{351} . .233. .2380. .44. .79–89.
{352} . .32. .11306. .577. .314–318.
{353} . .233. .2380. .44. .93–96.
{354} . . ... .2. .351.
{355} . . . 3... .650.
{356} . .345. .5487. .335. .198–201.
{357} . .233. .2380. .44. .41.
{358} .
{359} № 1 , «» 14 1945 , . . «-».
{360} . .32. .11306. .577. .314–318.
{361} . .32. .11306. .577. .297–304; .314–318; .623. .359–362.
{362} War Department Statement on Redeployment // Stars and Stripes. 7 May 1945. P.1,4.
{363} . . . .11556. .18. .153–155.
{364} . . . .11556. .18. .206–207.
{365} . . ... .2. .346.
{366} The Battle of Berlin. 1945... P.103–104.
{367} . . . ., 1973. . 30–31.
{368} . . . 2. .,1969. . 430–431.
{369} - . 1991. № 9. . 30.
{370} . 1992. № 3. . 186.
{371} . . 190.
{372} . . 191.
{373} . . 192.
{374} - , , .
{375} . .233. . 2374. .154. .107–110.
{376} . .233. . 2307. .193. .126.
{377} . .233. . 2374. .154. . 130–131.
{378} . . . ... . 384.
{379} . . 379–380.
{380} Gilbert, Martin. The Day the War Ended... P.38–39.
{381} . .
{382} ... . 1143–1148.
{383} . . . ... . 382–383.
{384} . .233. . 2356. .739. .522–525.
{385} . .233. . 2356. .739. .522–525.
{386} . . ... . 2. .315–316.
{387} . .233. . 2374. .154. .122–131.
{388}  — .
{389} . .
{390} . ... . 408–409.
{391} . .233. . 2307. . . .125–126.
{392} . .233. . 2374. .92. .97–100.
{393} Mitcham, Samuel W. Jr. Hitler's Field Marshals and Their Battles. Leo Cooper, London, 1988. P.103.
{394} Gilbert, Martin. The Day the War Ended... P.57.
{395} .: . . .: , 1997.
{396} () . .1/. . 30. 1. .1–2.
{397} ( ). .9401. .2. .269. .319.
{398} . .1/. .30. 1. .1–2.
{399} Ziemke, Earl F. Stalingrad to Berlin: The General Defeat in the East... P.499.
{400} . .233. .2307. .193. .165–166.
{401} . .233. .2352. .10. .383–386.
{402} . .236. .2719. .88. .8.
{403} . .236. .2712. .346. .203.
{404} MacDonald, Charles D. The Last Offensive... 1993. P.370.
{405} Dulles, Alan. The Secret Surrender. Harper and Row, New York, 1966. P.243–244.
{406} Bower, Tom. The Paperclip Conspiracy. The Battle for the Spoils and Secrets of Nazy Germany. Michael Joseph, London, 1987. P.109.
{407} Gilbert, Martin. The Day the War Ended... 1995.
{408} . .32. .11306. .623. .374–378.
{409} . .32. .11289. .815. .24–26.
{410} . .32. .11289. .680. .37–48.
{411} . .32. .11289. .680. .37–48.
{412} . .32. .11289. .680. .37–48.
{413} . .233. .2374. .92. .278–279.
{414} , 90- . ., , Gilbert, Martin. The Day the War Ended. May 8,1945 — Victory in Europe. Henry Holt and Co. New York, 1995.
{415} . .32. .11289. .680. .37–48.
{416} . .233. .2374. .92. .71–75.
{417} . .233. .2374. .92. .71–75.
{418} . .236. .2712. .390. .350–351.
{419} . .233. .2380. .35. .3–5.
{420} . .233. .2380. .41. .226–338.
{421} « »/ . . A. B. . ., 1997–1998. 2- .
{422} Muller-Hillebrand B. Das Heer, 1933–1945. Bd.3. Fr.a.M.,1969. S.19.
{423} .: . 1941–1945 . 1. .,1997. . 22.
{424} Der Angriff auf die Sowjetunion. Fr. a. M., 1991. S. 1254.
{425} .: ... . 27.
{426} .: . . 27.
{427} .: . . 28.
{428} . .,1957. . 513.
{429} .: ... . 1. . 33.
{430} . . : . , 1963. . 122.
{431} . 1995. 31 .
{432} . . . .,1993. . 91.
{433} - . 1991. № 7. . 13.
{434} - . 1992. № 1. . 72.
{435} . . .,1992. .15.
{436} .: ... . 1. .71.
{437} .: . . 1. .72.
{438} . 1992. № 3. .207.
{439} . . -, 1980. . 175–178.
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